We need to understand what the perspective of our Savior is according to the writings of the Quran, the Islamic Holy Book. Our faith centers around Christ and their faith centers around Muhammad and the words of the Quran that others wrote down after Muhammad’s death. Only among Christians is Jesus seen as the Son of God.
We Christians know little about Muhammad and Muslims know little about the Jesus of the Bible. Jesus is given a somewhat distorted and piecemeal presence in the Quran. Seeing there are some 31 verses out of 6666 verses (called ayets in the Quran) that speak of Jesus, we can become familiar with these verses and begin here to teach them the rest of the story about Jesus. In our New Testament we find the word Jesus on every page. It is interesting to bring to their attention that Muhammad is mentioned only five times in their Quran.
I list for you the 31 verses from the Quran that speak of Jesus: 2:87, 136, 253; 3:3, 45, 52, 55, 59, 84; 4:157, 163, 171; 5:46, 78, 110, 112, 114, 116; 6:85; 19:32-35; 33:7; 42:13; 43:57, 61, 63; 57:27; 61:6, 14
When you have an opportunity to study with a Muslim I suggest you become somewhat familiar with their limited understanding of Jesus.
Jesus is spoken of as “a word from Him/Allah and his name will be Christ/Messiah Jesus the son of Mary” (3:45). For us, “In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God” (Jn. 1:1), and that Word became flesh (Jn. 1:17).
Jesus and Muhammad speak of the same prophets of God. “We believe in God, and in what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes and in (the Books) given to Moses Jesus, and the Prophets” (3:84).
Jesus did find unbelief on their part and said: “Who will be my helpers to (the work of) Allah? Said the Disciples: “We are Allah’s helpers: We believe in Allah, And do thou bear witness that we are Muslims” (3:55). So Muslims believe Jesus and His disciples were Muslims.
Jesus is a model of virtue. 43:57 and 43:63 says, “When Jesus came With Clear Signs, he said: ‘Now have I come To you with Wisdom, And in order to make Clear to you some Of the (points) on which Ye dispute; Therefore fear Allah AND OBEY ME.’” A question here we can ask Muslims is, “Do you know Jesus’ commands? Our Jesus does say, ‘If you love Me keep My commandments’ (Jn. 14:15). What are Jesus’s commandments?”
The Quran says Christ Jesus was not killed or crucified in (4:157). This then denies a core belief of ours that Christ in shedding His blood at the cross made full payment for sins of the faithful to the one true God. They do believe that Jesus like Elijah and Enoch ascended into heaven (3:55; 4:158). They believe Allah purposefully deceived people into thinking Christ was killed and crucified. Our question must be, “Why would Allah want such a deception?” Some Muslims conjecture Judas or Simon who carried the cross for Jesus was placed on the cross.
Furthermore, we are not filled with doubts about Christ’s death and crucifixion as we have multiple prophecies and witnesses of this event. Muslims, like the Jews, do not believe God would allow the Messiah to die the death of a criminal. These have not read Isaiah 53. Since they do not believe Jesus died they do not believe He was resurrected from the dead, which to us is the final approval of Christ and His work from the Father.
The concept of Trinity is clearly spoken against in Surah 4:171 and 5:73. Here again we must make it clear that we believe in one God who for our needs chooses to reveal Himself to us as three persons and not three Gods. In Surah 5:116 Allah will ask Jesus if he has said for people to worship him and his mother (Mary). During Muhammad’s time Mariolatry was developing and Muhammad was influenced by this erroneous thinking.
Jesus did miracles as evidence of His bond with God and Muhammad did none. In Surah 5:110 Jesus is credited with the alleged miracles of speaking in infancy and giving life to a clay bird. The Quran and the Bible in this passage acknowledge Jesus did heal those born blind and the lepers and did resurrect the dead.
It is affirmed in the Bible and Quran that Jesus was born of a virgin and this miraculous birth was to be a sign (19:21). Jesus in the cradle tells his family Allah had made him a prophet (19:29-30).
These are some basic things we need to understand about a Muslim as we teach them more perfectly the way of the truth.